Development and Health Care for a 12 Month Old Baby
At this age for a 12 month old baby, whether energetic, reserved or cautious, your child's personality will start to become more apparent. Now is the time to help a 12 month old baby to establish certain healthy habits, giving priority to brushing teeth after meals and washing up after going outside.
|Height||77.8cm-80.1cm (Boy) 76.9cm-79.2cm (Girl)|
|Weight||10.42kg-11.00kg (Boy) 10.01kg-10.52kg (Girl)|
|Development||Remembers the details of surroundings. Has a sense of self-confidence.|
|Nursing intake||2-3 drinks of fresh milk, three meals, and two snacks.|
What Your Baby Will be like Now
1. Baby Fat Disappears, Face Lengthens
Starting at this age, the growth-rate of your 12 month old baby will decrease slightly.
Their body will take on more balanced proportions and their face will lengthen somewhat. Their bodyweight will be 4 times more than what it was at birth. Their height will be 2.5 times more.
Skullcap growth slows. The fontanel should be completely sealed at this time. The circumference of their chest should be larger than that of their head.
Body height should replace bodyweight as the locus of growth, and they should appear to be more toddler-like.
2. Molars Appear after 15 Months
A 6 or 7 month old baby begins tooth-growth. By one year, your child should have 8 teeth, 4 upper and 4 lower. Proper dental care should begin at this time, so start slowly fostering an interest in tooth brushing. Molars should first appear for a 15 month old baby. When these teeth do show up, your child's ability to chew will improve significantly. Eating hard foods help with the development of the jaw and head. When brushing the molars, be sure to clean both the insides and outsides of these teeth. If your child opens their mouth too wide, it could actually interfere with brushing. Use your thumb and index finger to stretch your child's mouth the appropriate width.
3. Climbing Stairs
At one year, walking is an awkward activity involving a lot of swaying and rocking, but now, at 18 months, your child will be able to walk without falling down. They should also be able to do things like kick balls with their feet. When walking starts depending on the child and isn't a matter of developmental speed. That being said, if your child is a 15 month old baby and still shows no signs of walking at all, you should take them to the hospital for a checkup. Cerebral palsy and hip dislocation may also be causes of delays in learning to walk.
Eating and Drinking
1. Toddler Portions
Your child should now make the transition to eating toddler foods, and you should teach them to eat food with a soup spoon. Children who are this age will stop eating mid-meal and start playing with anything that distracts them, so you should restrict mealtime to 30 minutes. If your child keeps being naughty, clear the table and don't give them any more to eat. Your child won't have a huge appetite at this age and they will eat less than when nursing, bodyweight will not increase as much either. There is no need to be that worried if your child doesn't eat, just ensure that they are having their fill. If you force your child to eat more, you run the risk of making them dislike eating altogether. Furthermore, suddenly increasing the amount your child eats puts strain on the stomach. It is better to fill a pretty plate with easy-to-digest ingredients to entice your child's appetite.
2. Two Snacks per Day
For children who are very active, three meals per day just aren’t enough to meet their calorie requirements. Therefore, you should fix your child 2-3 snacks in addition to the three regular meals. These snacks should be interesting and tasty for your child, and the best ones come in small, easy-to-digest quantities. If snacks are too big or sweet, they may not want to eat at mealtime.
Cognitive and Emotional Development
1. The Beginning of Meaningful Utterances
Monosyllabic utterances increase at this age. Onomatopoeias like "wengweng" and "pengpeng" come easily. They should also be able to name the people in their life like Mommy and Daddy. They should also have the ability to use monosyllables to express a variety of meanings like saying "Mommy," when holding a cup to indicate that they are thirsty, or telling you that they want to be held by opening their arms and saying the same word. They might sometimes say "Mommy bad", "Daddy hold" etc. to express their desires and feelings.
Most of the language a child will use now is self-centered and individualized language, so you should talk with your child as much as possible and try your best to interpret what they are trying to say. If your child still hasn't started talking by 18 months, they might have a language-learning delay and will require the attention of a specialist.
2. Developing Attachments
At this age, your child will wish to follow or watch caretakers or playmates. As a result, the child becomes more dependent on their mother, starts to follow her around and will even become nervous and look everywhere for her when Mom can't be seen. In addition, your child will also start becoming possessive of toys, perhaps taking a doll along wherever they go and being particularly attached to toys that they like.
By now, your child can move around either by walking or using a baby walker, so you should take them on walks, guiding their attention, helping them feel richer emotions and enriching their inner life. A child with stable emotions can more quickly form a sense of independence and grow into a more confident person.
Care Essentials for a 12 Month Old Baby up to 18 Months
1. Take Precautions against Accidents
As your child becomes more active, they become energetic climbers and avid runners, increasing the chances bumping into something. Getting a scrape from falling down is nothing to worry about, but falling from high places could result in severe injury, so be aware of these risks.
Children are particularly susceptible to accidents when they are tired and require your full attention when this is the case. If your child happens to swallow a foreign object or insert something into their ears or mouth, you should take them to a pediatrician immediately. Take stock of your child's surroundings frequently; make a habit of preventing accidents before they happen.
2. Allow for Free Play
At this time in your child's life, when all they are doing is sleeping, eating and playing, giving them space to play as they wish is most important of all. Playing is a physical activity as well as a means of physical development which promotes cognitive maturation. Plus, active children eat more food and get better sleep. Playing happily with Mommy and Daddy also contribute to a pleasant and gentle place for your child to grow up in.
3. Forming Self-Care Habits
At one year, your child should become interested in dressing and undressing him or herself, and because it is easier to remove clothes than it is to put them on, you can have your child try taking off their socks and pants without your help. You should step aside and watch your child as they do this. It is important to encourage your child to do things on their own. After a few tries, your child will have a stronger sense of independence.
4. Starting Potty-Training
At 18 months, your child will tell you when they need to use the potty, so this is perfect time to help them form the right habits with regards to using the bathroom. Observe your child when they are going to the bathroom each day, so that afterwards, when you see that they need to go, you can help get them to the toilet and practice not wearing a diaper. This allows your child to feel relaxed and comfortable, making it easier to succeed. Another way to foster good habits is to have your child go to the bathroom at the same time and the same place each day. If you put too much pressure on your child, you might make them feel a sense of oppression, leading to frequent urination and bedwetting.
Q&A- Doubts and Anxieties
Q: Is it OK for my child to eat dirt, sand and paper?
A. Dirt, sand, paper and hair are just some of the unusual things children tend to pick up and eat. Some things they eat without knowing any better, whereas there are other things they will eat despite knowing exactly what they are. This kind of behavior may appear in children without any apparent cause, but this is also something that anemic or malnourished children do. If your child still eats these things even after you have told them not to, you should take them to a pediatrician for a checkup.
Q: My child has turned one and still hasn't spoken a word, is this OK?
A. By age one, most children can say one or two simple phrases. Linguistic development depends on environmental factors like the child's habits or the mother's teaching style and varies from child to child. For this reason, be sure to talk to your child as much as possible, try to point out things in their surroundings and provide all kinds of linguistic stimuli. If your child happens to show a dull response to the people around him or her or if there are apparent developmental issues, they could be hard of hearing or have poor cognitive skills, among other things. If that is the case, you should visit a pediatric specialist to discuss potential treatments.
Those are the particulars needed to know about a 12 month old baby.