Development and Health Care for a 6 Month Old Baby
The 6 month old baby at this age not only knows how to crawl, it can also sit up on its own. Its body will become rather strong and sturdy and its curves are starting to show. Moreover, beautiful, little white teeth are also sprouting. The 6 month old baby can also say simple words such as “mama, papa”.
|Height||69.0cm (Boy) 67.5cm (Girl)|
|Body weight||8.52kg (Boy) 7.95kg (Girl)|
|Development||Knows how to crawl.|
First teeth are starting to grow.
|Amount of milk consumed||Milk powder 180c.c. X 4-5 times, alternating with breast milk once every 4 hours. Stay away from milk 2 times.|
The Baby's Characteristics at this Age
1. Can sit independently on its own
The 6 month old baby can now sit independently by itself and can freely adjust its upper body. Even without support, it can also sit upright steadily with a straight back in a stretching position. A crawling position becomes a lying-on-its-belly position. With back straightened and both hands pressing against the floor, it can sit upright by using its lower back and knees.
By this stage, using the baby walker is not an issue anymore. If the baby still can't sit upright steadily, don't force. The walker will only put pressure on its lower back.
2. Two lower teeth are starting to grow
The baby's teeth will start growing by the sixth month on the average or as soon as it is a 4 month old baby. Two little teeth will start growing on the lower gum. However, teeth growing in every child are different so it's not necessary to pay too much attention to the time and sequence in which its teeth appear. While its teeth are growing, the baby will be noisier, couldn't sleep properly and will have lots of drooling. It'll also often put its fingers into its mouth. It's a good idea now to let it bite on a tooth development device which has been cooled in the fridge.
3. Knows how to put its fingers into its mouth
The development of the baby's hand and eyes coordination has improved vastly and it'll put the tooth development device into its mouth to suck or chew noisily as soon as it gets hold of it. It'll also put cucumbers, red grapes or candies into its mouth. The baby's coordination of its fingers is still weak at this point in time, so it'll often drop things from its hands when he grabs them. Dropping things is a normal process when the baby is starting to realize the sensitivity of its hands. Grabbing and holding are actions which the baby had continuously practiced and rehearsed before becoming familiar and adept at them. So it's best to let the baby practice diligently and progress naturally.
Important Dietary Tips
1. Include iron supplements in the beginning of weaning
In the beginning of weaning, add one or two types of vegetables or grains in the rice milk. Meat can be used to supplement iron from now on. That's because six months after birth, the iron which the baby is born with is almost used up. The baby's body now needs more iron, therefore eating more iron-rich food when it's weaning is crucial. Kids with insufficient iron will have poor IQ, and the iron in meat is more easily absorbed by the body. Putting pieces of beef or chicken into the broth is better. The baby can digest chicken meat more easily than beef.
2. Be careful of allergies
When weaning the baby in the beginning, feeding it with rice milk that doesn't contain lactose will give rise to allergies. There is now more type of food which the baby can eat. For protein and iron, start the baby off with meat or eggs. Due to the possibility of allergies, observe the baby while weaning it with these foods. Especially for egg yolks, it can only start eating them after six months. Egg whites should only be given to the baby after its first year.
Self-awareness and Emotional Development
1. Start uttering simple words in baby language
The baby still hasn't master the correct pronunciation and meaning of the nonsensical sounds it utters. Now, those sounds are starting to become simple words such as “mama” and “papa” though it still doesn't know what they mean. That's because the control of the tongue is getting better and it's starting to imitate vowels and consonants. Like other development of the body, its language development is also different from other babies. Rather than compare your baby with others, it's better and more important to respond enthusiastically when it's babbling. Talking to your baby will stimulate it more often.
2. Stronger self-awareness
The baby's emotions become more refined and complex. It can display a range of emotions such as likes, dislikes, happiness, sadness, interest or boredom. If it sees strangers, it'll also turn its face away and display fear. There are kids who only dislike girls; some only dislike boys while others don't like mature men. Every child's likes and dislikes are different. Moreover, it'll also display unwillingness or refusal when somebody tries to take away its toy.
Caring Tips for a 6 Month Old Baby
1. Massage the baby's gums
A teething baby will feel itchy in its gums and will put anything into its mouth to chew or suck. To reduce the uncomfortable feeling and help the baby grow healthy teeth, wet some absorbent gauze and massage its gums. When the baby is growing baby teeth, its gums, tongue and teeth should be rubbed clean. Lactose on its tongue or gums causes tooth decay. Teeth hygiene must start from this age.
2. Let it play with toys which could promote big muscles development
When the baby knows how to crawl, sit and wants to stand up, let it play with toys which can stimulate its arms and legs. Give it toys which can help it stand and shake or use its hands to grab and play. Toys which can let the baby fall and lie down, sit against before lying down or encourage the baby to change its position often are all very useful.
3. Display toys which are stimulating
The baby's sense of curiosity is growing and would like to see everything. So, stimulating toys or objects can be placed around the house. Babies at this age love peeping into mirrors and will feel excited upon seeing its own reflection. Toy mirrors can help cultivate self-awareness, a sense of space and perception. However, precaution should be exercise when letting the baby play in front of a mirror.
4. Let daddy play with the baby
As the baby's activity level and curiosity increase, it's good to shower it with many toys. Use the weekend or night to create toys which are exclusive to the baby and its father while they're interacting with each other. The father is different from the mother as he's stronger, so the baby can have a full-body workout while playing with his father. The father plays a very important role in the baby's physical and emotional development.
Q&A: Dispelling Worries and Anxieties
Q: The baby girl's breasts look swollen and feel as if there are hard lumps. Is this normal?
A. The baby girl is affected by her mother's hormones, that's why her breasts are a little protruded and there's a small amount of blood in her vaginal discharge. Three or four months after birth, the amount of mother's hormones in the baby's body will plummet suddenly, leading to a little blood in the baby girl's vaginal discharge. After this, if hard lumps develop in the baby girl's breasts, this is reaction to the presence of her mother's hormones in her breast milk. It'll disappear naturally after the baby turns two or three years old, so there's no need to worry. If you're still worried, bring the baby girl to a pediatrician.
Q: The baby next door knows how to bounce about while standing on the adult's knees. My kid can't do that. Is it because its leg muscles are too weak?
A. Every child's temperament and character are different. If the mother often compares her baby with other babies, that will only cause unnecessary pressure for herself and baby. Some kids don't like to exercise, so this type of children doesn’t like to crawl, and learning how to stand up and walk may be later than others. It's not because its leg muscles are weak or has issues in the brain, so relax.
Don't let the Baby Watch TV Alone
When the baby is between five and six months old, its eyesight would have improved tremendously and loves watching the TV monitor. Fancy TV commercials are very attractive to babies whose attention spans are short and their interest is fully aroused by the razzle-dazzle. However, the baby doesn't understand the TV commercials at all – it's merely attracted by the commercial’s vibrant visuals. If the baby spends too much time in front of the TV, it'll be unable to cultivate its own thinking and judgment.
The human brain is different from other organs – it'll only develop up till adolescence. An 8 or 9 month old baby can feel many stimuli via its five senses and thus develops its brain. At this time, the baby should be watching quality educational videos as they seem to make it smarter. However, its sight is only stimulated by what's on the screen. If the brain cells receiving visual information are too developed, it's harmful to other brain cells. Hence, videos overloaded with visual stimulation will impair the baby's natural curiosity towards the outside world and it'll be lazy to learn. However, it's still good to offer the baby a lot of direct stimulation. While watching videos, the baby is encouraged to talk to its mother. You should also try to give it as much pondering time as possible.
Those are the particulars needed to know about a 6 month old baby.