Development and Health Care for a 7 Month Old Baby
At two months old, the baby is increasingly afraid of strangers. The fear climaxed for a 7 monts old baby. Upon seeing people who are not its parents, it'll immediately cry and kick up a fuss. It's good to let the 7 month old baby observe others as much as possible.
|Height||70.4cm (Boy) 61.9cm (Girl)|
|Body weight||8.74kg (Boy) 8.25kg (Girl)|
|Development||Knows how to sit independently.|
Shy around strangers.
|Amount of milk consumed||Milk powder 180c.c. X 4-5 times, alternating with breast milk once every 4 hours. Stay away from milk 2 times.|
The Baby's Characteristics at this Age
1. Starts to crawl on its knees
From the sitting position, the 7 month old baby now progresses to crawling on its knees. This is also the way it used to move itself forward. This means the baby now knows how to adjust its back and lower back's muscles.
During this period, its muscles in its limbs and back suddenly develops a great deal and it's crawling action becomes very well-practiced.
It'll now start crawling on its belly and then raises its belly to crawl on its knees. When it gets to the stage of knowing how to stand up, it'll straighten its torso and crawl on its knees.
Every kid goes through different stages of crawling, and if some didn't experience every stage, don't worry too much about it. Through its crawling practice, the baby becomes familiar with its own sense of balance and trains up its shoulders and chest muscles. Thus, the baby learns how to move freely. Moreover, it can get to where it wants to go on its own and is empowered with a sense of achievement.
If adults carry the baby too often, relies on a walker too much or it had a tendency to be too careful, it's crawling stage will be extended. There are many babies who can stand up straightaway without going through a crawling stage, so don't worry too much about it.
2. Hand movements are more agile
The baby's hand movements become more agile and it knows how to move an object holding in one hand to the other. Moreover, it also knows how to pick things up from the floor. If it wants to reach for something next to it, it'll spread its fingers and do a hooking motion. The baby now knows how to hold its milk bottle and drink. Though it still doesn't know how to hold an object between its fingertips, it may however surprise everyone around him with this action some day. So for things which the baby may pick up with its hands and eat, put them away in a place where it cannot reach with its hands.
3. Knows how to grab things with its fingers and eat
As the baby will want to shovel anything it can reach into its mouth, it'll knock off the spoon which is used for feeding weaning food and will want to grab the food directly with its fingers. Hygiene issues aside, if a baby likes playing with its food or displays naughty behavior during mealtimes, it'll be tough to enforce discipline later on. If this misbehavior is prohibited every time, the baby's desire to persist with the behavior wanes. If it wants to feed itself, encourage it to use a spoon as much as possible. Even if the baby doesn't eat much when feeding itself, let it try for a while. If it really doesn't know how to feed itself yet, then you can take over the feeding.
Important Dietary Tips
1. Mid-term weaning begins
For a 6 month old baby, let each meal be a quarter cup of weaning food. One quarter cup in the morning and another in the afternoon – a total of two weaning meals daily. If the baby can finish this amount of food, then we've come to the stage of mid-term weaning. It can be fed porridge cooked with four or five parts of water to one part of rice. After feeding the baby with weaning food, let it suckle straightaway to establish the intervals between every meal. Its food intake will also increase.
2. Can eat soft food such as tofu
Though the baby has one or two milk teeth by now, it still doesn't know how to chew. It only knows how to use its tongue tip to mesh the food against its upper palate. You may feed it with tofu, sweet potatoes or steamed vegetables – all thoroughly cooked and finely diced. An 8 month old baby may try eating slightly coarser food. However, if it still doesn't know how to completely crush its food inside its mouth, there's the danger of chunks of food blocking its windpipe. So, the baby's food should be cut up very finely.
Self-awareness and Emotional Development
1. Liking and disliking become more distinct
With the development of the baby's intellectual ability, it's able to express its likes and dislikes more clearly. Even if the baby only meets a person for the first time, it's capable of becoming very friendly and close to that person. There will also be occasions where the baby will cry out of the blue or turn its head the other way upon seeing somebody it meets often to express dislike. The baby expresses its emotions in the same way with toys. There are favorite toys which it'll always hold on to and there are others which it'll fling away as soon as it picks it up or couldn't be bothered to take a second look at. When the baby is moody, it'll immediately cheer up upon seeing its favorite person or toy.
2. Likes repeating simple actions
The baby's favorite game now is the objects hunting game. Repeating simple actions is evidence of the development of memory. At this stage, it's good to play hide-and-seek or the objects hunting game with the baby. Letting it play with toys such as a tambourine is also a good idea. As the toy creates sounds, the baby can repeat simple shaking and knocking movements. These will cultivate the baby's cognitive and judgment skills. The baby can also develop the ability to guess subsequent events.
Caring Tips for a 7 Month Old Baby
1. Make toys out of household things
By now, the baby can sit independently and move its hands freely. It'll display a lot of interest in objects it thinks are toys. It'll ignore toys it often plays with and starts to take an interest in telephones, mirrors and even mommy's purse. It still loves to chew things and you should note the harmless objects for the baby that it might put into its mouth. Kitchen utensils which don't pose any danger can also be turned into toys for the baby. Make a change after several days to keep playtime fresh and interesting for baby.
2. Take precaution to ensure safety
When the baby starts crawling and crawls around randomly, there isn't a corner in the house that doesn't interest it. Instances such as rolling off the bed, getting its fingers stuck in a fan or getting hands burnt by touching an iron are common household accidents which you should take note of. Extra care should be taken to keep dangerous objects away. Check for accumulated dust in corners or little buttons or coins left lying around on the floor.
3. Loves playing while crawling
People used to piggyback their babies. This type of piggybacking stimulates the baby's brain as its limbs and chest areas are receiving physical contact. Therefore, babies who have been piggybacked often know how to crawl and sit up faster. Its arms, legs, hands and neck are activated while crawling, promoting brain development. Its muscles will become more robust, helping it greatly in learning to stand up and walk.
4. Practice eating with a cup
During this period, the baby's milk bottle and breast milk should be slowly removed. Let it get used to eating with a spoon and cup. Especially for milk bottle-using babies, its eating amount will decrease if it switches to using a cup. That's because lots of food will be leaking and it's tough to wean it off the milk bottle. When eating becomes difficult, the baby will reject using a cup. Therefore, as much as possible, entice it and guide it how to eat when it's in a good mood or when it's feeling curiosity. For the baby to get used to cutleries quickly, you should stick to a designated set of cutleries.
Q&A: Dispelling Worries and Anxieties
Q: The baby will start crying at night and sometimes it lasts for one or two hours. What can I do to stop it from crying?
A: When babies sometimes cry at night, it's not much of a difference from sleeping for them from a consciousness point of view. So when the baby starts crying in its sleep, completely rouse the baby from slumber and take it outside for a stroll if the weather is good. A change of atmosphere and mood can stop the baby from crying. When it falls asleep later on, it'll sleep soundly most of the time. If the crying gets to a point which the mother couldn't take it anymore, take the baby to a pediatrician for treatment. When the time comes that it is already a 10 month old baby, the tendency of crying at night decreases.
Q: My baby's constipation is very serious and it cries every time when it's defecating. Is it all right to give it stools softener or perform enema (introduction of fluid into the rectum to promote evacuation of feces). Or should I just leave it? I'm so worried.
A: The cause of constipation during this age is due to the decrease of food intake. Even if the baby has eaten easily digestible food, the part that's converted into feces becomes less and triggers constipation. Therefore, when weaning the baby, add cheese or cream which are full of milk fat into fiber-rich food such as softened potatoes or vegetables. This is effective in relieving the baby of constipation. Fruit juices also have the effect of softening stools. However, if constipation is very severe and stools have been accumulated for several days, feeding the baby with stools softener or performing enema on it will be a faster way to relieve constipation. However, consult the pediatrician first before deciding what to do.
Weaning Food as Iron Supplement
If the baby doesn't have digestive problems, weaning is plain sailing, and doesn't have any allergies, it can be fed with beef or chicken six months after its birth. Adding chicken or beef to its weaning food can supplement the iron in the baby's body quickly.
Adding glutinous rice and combining it with finely chopped lean meat is even better. However, not every type of food cooked and softened are suitable for the baby.
Don't use pre-minced meat simply because it's more convenient. It's because that type of meat is full of fats and isn't fresh enough. It's best to buy pieces of meat, remove the fats and tendons before using.
For the remaining meat, cut into small pieces and store them in the freezer compartment of the refrigerator. The fats in meat which are one-week old have already oxidized so only adults and not babies should consume this meat. As chicken meat is tender and easily digestible, start the baby off with chicken meat first before introducing beef.
Those are the particulars needed to know about a 7 month old baby.