Disease: Complications with Female Reproductive Organs

If you had high blood pressure or any kind of disease before you became pregnant, then now that you are pregnant you need to be extra cautious. A disease, if left unattended while pregnant, can lead to severe problems such as toxemia and possible heart problems that could threaten the life of the baby.

1) Ovarian Cysts (Most Common Disease)

This kind of disease, simply speaking, is a fluid filled sack similar to a blister that forms in the ovaries. These cysts are very common for women who are in their child bearing years and are called functional ovarian cysts, and will usually grow smaller with time and disappear. Women in their menopause may have ovarian cysts called follicular cysts or corpus luteum cysts.

Different sizes of ovarian cyst will have different symptoms

If you have a functional ovarian cyst which has grown unusually large then you will experience different symptoms. You will have a heavy feeling in your pelvic area or some pain. You may experience some swelling, frequent urination or constipation.

Cysts will get smaller or reduce in number after the placenta has developed

Most ovarian cysts will disappear after your placenta has formed and you have been pregnant for about four months. If after an ultrasound it appears that your cysts are still growing and look like larger blisters, then you will require surgery to remove them as these as no longer considered functional cysts. The surgery can be performed when you’re on your 4 months pregnancy and even if it’s discovered that you will need to have your ovary removed, this will not have any effect on your baby. After you have had the surgery and then given birth, the function of the other ovary will still produce eggs and will not be affected by the surgery.

2) Uterine Myomas

A uterine myoma is a solid tumor made of fibrous tissue that grows on the wall of the womb and can be as small as a peanut or as large as a football. When the tumor is small, you will not be able to feel it but when it grows larger, it will apply pressure on your bladder and you will have a strong desire to urinate.

Types of Uterine Myomas

Outside of the uterus is the peritoneum which is a very thin membrane that supports the uterus, and within the uterus is the endometrium which is less than 1cm thick. Your period is the endometrium peeling away from the uterus wall. Except for the peritoneum and the endometrium, most of the uterus is made up of muscle and myoma will grow on the muscles.

Myoma of the uterus under the peritoneum

This tumor grows under the peritoneum and grows outward towards your other internal organs and will apply pressure on them as it grows.

Myoma of the uterus under the endometrium

This tumor grows close to the endometrium and will push the endometrium towards your uterus.

Myoma of the uterus inside the muscles

This kind of tumor grows inside of the uterus muscle and will cause the uterus to expand.

Different symptoms for different types of myomas

A large tumor will press against your internal organs and cause pain in your lower tummy area. You may also experience the need to pee more or difficulty in peeing as the tumor presses against your bladder. If the tumor is large enough and presses against your intestines, you will find it harder to evacuate your bowels and suffer back pain. If the tumor grows where the egg has implanted, this may prevent a viable pregnancy and also may lead to a miscarriage. If the tumor has formed under the endometrium, it can cause irregular or excessive bleeding even if the tumor is very small.

Not all myomas need treatment

It is fairly simple to diagnose uterine myomas, particularly if the tumor grows large as the lower tummy will feel very hard. In most cases, the tumor will be discovered by a doctor at a routine checkup and also at an ultrasound no matter how small the tumor is.

Some of the myomas display no symptoms and might be found by accident. A tumor like this may not need any treatment as having no symptoms usually means it does not affect you, so you don’t need to have it removed. Just have regular checkups and if any time the tumor changes, then you can think about having it removed.

3) Endometriosis

Your endometrium will peel off during your period and for your next cycle; you will grow a new uterus lining. When you are pregnant, this is where the placenta forms. If your endometrium forms outside of your uterus, this is called endometriosis. It will usually form in a similar place like behind the uterus or between the uterus and the rectum. Some women with mild endometriosis have extensive pain, while others with advanced endometriosis may have little pain or even no pain at all.

Can’t get pregnant

Endometriosis is a major reason why women can’t get pregnant. The pelvic area is very active with macrophages which clean out everything that comes from outside of the body. If you have endometriosis, the cells from the endometrium will be consumed by the macrophage and they will also consume sperm. As a result, getting pregnant is almost impossible. This condition may also cause inflammation and cause the fallopian tubes to narrow and so any eggs will struggle to reach the uterus.

A disease may or may not appear during pregnancy. One key is to be very very careful as diseases are easy to catch during pregnancy.

Sandra Henderson
 

Editor-in-chief at Babiology and a proud mother of four passionate about sharing pregnancy and baby growth knowledges

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