Preconception Health Checkup: Pregnancy Complications

Identifying Diseases from Abnormalities

Normal physiological functionality is the basis of a healthy mother. An unhealthy female reproductive system is the cause for infertility and miscarriage. If symptoms such as those listed below persist, head down to the gynecologist for a checkup.

Abnormal Menstruation

No Signs of Menstruation for Months

pregnancy complications

You need to question if there is a problem with your body if your menstruation stop occurring for months. Ovulation disorders, polycystic ovarian disease, high lactation hyperlipidemia and more may be the cause of this, so it is strongly advisable to undergo a checkup.

Irregular Menstrual Cycle

If you are experiencing irregular or intermittent menstruation, the possible causes could be excessive stress resulting in uterus bleeding, or bleeding due to disordered proliferative endometrium. This is a call for an immediate checkup.

Premature Menopause at the Age of 20-30

Ovulation disorders could be the cause of early amenorrhea. Even for younger women, premature menopause may occur due to excess stress or genetic condition. It is best to undergo a checkup if your mother or sisters have experienced premature menopause as well.

Lighter Menstrual Flow after Abortion

If you had undergone an abortion repeatedly, the wounds within your uterus may cause uterine wall fusion and result in lesser menstrual flow or stop menstruation completely.

In a scenario where the menstrual blood is unable to flow out of the body, acute abdominal pain will be experienced. The entrance of the uterus would then have to be expanded to drain the menstrual blood. A surgery might be necessary depending on the seriousness of the problem.

Sudden Physical Pain

If you start experiencing pains below your abdomen, it may be due to pelvic abnormality. If you experiencing pains after sex, endometrial lesions might be present. Thus, you are strongly advised to undergo a checkup at the hospital.

Menstrual Period Stretching up to 10 Days

If tumors are present in the uterus or the uterus adenoma, it may cause abnormal uterine contraction and result to the uterus being unable to function normally. This will then lead to increased menstrual flow and prolonged menstruation. In the case of disordered proliferative endometrium, it may result in an even longer menstruation period which requires immediate medical attention.

Bleeding during Non-Menstruation Period

Ovulation bleeding may be the cause of bleeding during non-menstruation days.

Even if it is one or two days of minor bleeding, women planning for pregnancy should seek treatment immediately.

Minor Bleeding after Sex

Cervical inflammation, peeling or cervical cancer, excessive stress may be the reasons for the bleeding which require immediate medical treatment.

Abdominal Pain during Sex and Rectal Prolapse

Acute pain will be experienced during sex if you have endometriosis. Endometriosis is the cause of infertility. If it develops in the ovaries, it will form cysts and you will need to seek treatment immediately. Sexual pain may also be caused by acute pelvic inflammatory disease or uterine flexion which then leads to pelvis hemorrhagic disease.

Irregular Menstrual Period

Irregular menstrual period may be caused by Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). This is caused by rapidly proliferating ovarian cyst shortly after its occurrence and then fills up the entire ovary. PCOS is more prevalent in obese women.

Abdominal Pain during Non-Ovulation Period

Ovary ovulation may induce pain and this is known as ovulation pain. Women who tend to be more sensitive will experience more acute pain. This is a natural occurrence that will disappear on its own so there is no need to worry about it.

Abdominal Pains and Small Amounts of Bleeding during Non-Menstrual Period

If the loss of appetite and morning sickness symptoms is experienced during non-menstrual period, it may be due to ectopic pregnancy.

Bleeding due to Force Exertion after Abortion

If bleeding occurs from a slight exertion of force, it may be due to cervical erosion caused by the abortion. It is typical for cervical erosion and bleeding to happen after an abortion or childbirth.

Unexplainable Pains and Secretions

Stinging Sensation during Urination

The most likely explanation for experiencing a stinging sensation during urination is due to urethra inflammation, which must be treated with antibiotics.

Post-Urination Pain

Pains in the lower abdominal area may be felt after urinating, along with the feeling of the bladder not yet completely emptied may be caused by cystitis. In more severe cases, blood excretion may be spotted in the urine.

Increased Urination Urge during the First Few Times of Sex

During sex, the urethra is being stimulated along with the reproductive system. This phenomenon is known as honeymoon cystitis. This is caused by one’s unfamiliarity of sex and is not a cause for worry.

White Discharge and Itch

White discharge resembling milk dregs are formed during fungal vaginal inflammation. In more severe situations, itch will be experienced around the genital ridge. Generally speaking, tight-fit pants such as leggings and skinny-fit jeans tend to hold in more moisture, which facilitates fungal growth. Vaginal inflammation is a common occurrence with simple treatments.

Discharge with Strong Stench

If stench secretion along with symptoms of bladder inflammation appears, you may be suffering from Chlamydia or Trichomoniasis. As these are sexually transmitted diseases, both you and your partner are advised to undergo medical examination.

White Discharge followed with Pelvic Weakness and Urinary Discomfort

Chlamydia or other bacteria may cause vaginal infection which spreads to the vagina, uterus, pelvic and bladder area, causing discomfort in multiple areas. Immediate medical attention is required and treatment duration may be longer.

White Residue attached to the Vagina

In acute Candida Vaginal Inflammation, the Candida cells thrives and latch onto the vaginal walls and vulva, resulting in white residues. They may be eliminated after proper treatment.

Hot, Stinging Sensation in the Vagina

Genital ulcers are the reason for the burning sensation experienced in the vagina.

Wearing tight pants and leaving sanitary pads for a prolonged period are the few reasons to mucus secretion and itching. If there were any open wounds, genital ulcers would cause it to fester. This is especially prone during the short periods before and after menstruation.

Palpable Lumps in the Abdominal Area

Ovarian Tumors and Ovarian Cancer cells exceeding the size of 10 cm may be felt when you press the lower abdomen. They may be painless but immediate medical attention is required once they appear.

Small Lumps felt on Genitals

If you encounter soft, small lumps at your genitals, there is a high possibility that you have a lymphatic cyst. As they are painless, women generally discover them under accidental circumstances found. If the cyst causes pain or swell, it will be an abscess.

Genital Pains

Hot, stinging sensation is felt when you scratch during genital itching. Although a simple inflammation may induce pain as well, this is more apparent due to inflammation, obstructed lymph nodes and a small lump of lymphatic abscess. The affected area is constantly red and swollen, spreading outwards around the crotch area.

Genital Warts

Genital Warts are largely due to papilloma virus. During sexual intercourse, the virus is quickly spread to the insides of the vagina and cervix. Therefore, immediate treatment is required to prevent adverse effects.

Something Hard within the Vagina

If you feel something hard within the vagina, it is most probably the cervical canal. This is not a cause for worry due to its natural thickness and hardness.


Abnormal menstrual symptoms are the earliest signs of abnormities in the body

Abnormal menstruation patterns are signs of abnormalities in the female body. If symptoms such as premature termination of menstruation, heavy bleeding and reduced menstrual flow appear, please seek medical attention immediately.

Menstruation is the result of the body’s preparation for pregnancy and if no implantation occurs, it will be excreted and would lead to menstruation.

The ovulation period of a healthy female adult is between 28 to 30 days and menstrual cycle is between 3 to 7 days, with each menstruation excreting approximately 50-300 ml of blood. In normal circumstances, menstrual flow tends to be heavy during the first three days, followed by lighter flow during the remaining days. If you experience a menstrual flow of 80 ml or more a day, for a duration exceeding ten days, it is a worrying sign of excessive blood loss which require immediate checkup at the hospital.

Excessive menstrual flow will cause anemia and leads to chronic anemia if left untreated, which would be a hindrance in your daily life. In more acute cases, it may even lead to the development of uterine tumors which are detrimental to a woman’s health. A sudden termination or reduced menstrual flow is also a major obstacle for pregnancy.

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Sandra Henderson

Editor-in-chief at Babiology and a proud mother of four passionate about sharing pregnancy and baby growth knowledges

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