Language Development 0-24 Month: Talking to your Baby is the Key
When it comes to talking, we should start teaching our children on how to properly communicate starting after birth.
We can do simple and short talks to them as we teach them month by month.
Below are talking techniques that you can follow through.
Speak to Your Child all the Time
Newborns express themselves through crying. Babbling should start when they are a 3 months old baby, but crying will still be the main means of communication. You will have trouble at first telling whether your child is crying because they are hungry or because they have soiled their diaper.
At 1 month, you will find that a baby's cry changes depending on what they need. If you listen closely at this age, you will be able to understand vaguely what your child is crying about.
At this age, you should help your child get whatever they need while also responding accordingly with something like "Are you hungry?", "I'll change your diaper!", or "Do you like this bath?" You should always remember to speak to your child as much as possible. Your child will grow more familiar with speech through your constant repetitions.
Look into Your Child's Eyes when Talking
Starting at 3 months, your child will be able to listen to him/herself babble and become absorbed in this activity. Repetitive babbling, which includes uttering single words like "Mama" is a kind of basic pronunciation practice.
Despite not understanding speech or knowing how to speak properly, you need to demonstrate how much you care by continuing to talk to your child. Your child may not understand you, but he/she will remember what you have repeated to him/her.
When he/she is a 6 months old baby, babbling will increase gradually. When you talk to your child, make eye contact. Respond to your child's babbling or talk to yourself in front of your child. These are all helpful ways to encourage linguistic development.
Proper Pronunciation, Full Sentences
Your child should be able to make intelligible statements after their first birthday, starting out with extremely simple utterances such as "Mama" and "Dada".
Your child will also imitate his/her parent’s intonation and tone as they grow more familiar with talking. That is why it is important to teach your child proper pronunciation starting at this time. You should also help them start taking steps towards using phrases to make sentences.
For example, if your child says "Water" you should repeat the word in a full sentence – “Do you want some water?" Another helpful method involves using words that your child knows to make full sentences. For example, frequently asking "Where's the door?" or "Where's your mouth?" By asking these questions over and over, your child will come to understand your sentences gradually. It will further developing their linguistic and cognitive abilities.
Linguistic development can be helped along through hands-on experience with concrete objects. When teaching new words or phrases, it is always more effective to let your child have a direct experience of the object or activity described by these words, rather than just explaining them verbally. If possible, create opportunities for your child to come into contact directly with all of the different objects in his/her environment.
Place an apple in front of your child while teaching him/her the word "Apple." Allow them to touch and hold it. Grownups should frequently demonstrate proper language-use. You should help build a good linguistic foundation for the child through touching, looking, listening, doing, asking questions, searching and other activities.
Affirm Your Child's Speech, Respond Visibly
At this age, your child will be filled with curiosity about the things around him/her. He will become more familiar with speech by producing a constant stream of questions. Do not overlook these questions, instead, you should expand the ideas behind the words they use by demonstrating their use in different contexts.
When talking with your child, be sure to maintain eye contact and make sure your voice is full of feeling. A child can tell how much their mom is paying attention to them by the way they are talking, and thus how much she cares.
Experiencing Language in Different Ways
After learning how to produce single words, your child will quickly acquire the means of making sentences by stringing together two or three simple words. They might say "Mama, sleep" or "Daddy, work" to express themselves in a simple way.
By age 2, your child should know around 50 words. Parents should continue trying to expand your child's linguistic range while doing all they can to teach their child proper sentences. For example, teach your child to say the full sentence "Mommy, I want to drink water". You can also teach your child about the beauty of language and flowery speech through children's books, fables, and children's poetry. It is important to offer your child a variety of language experiences.
Avoid Imitating Your Child's Speech
When your child is learning to speak, they will sometimes pick the wrong word or stutter when talking. You might find these accidents cute and repeat them to get a laugh. Doing this actually negatively affects your child's linguistic development. If your child makes an error, you should correct it and repeat the sentence in full if you really wish to aid your child's linguistic development.
Now those are the details that will guide you when it comes to talking and training your child to communicate well.