Sterility Tests to Take and Treatments Used for Male and Female

Male and Female Sterility Tests

The following are tests performed in order to know the sterility of male and female respectively. It will aid the couple in knowing which one of them has a problem and prepare them in undergoing treatments. But before trying the following tests for sterility, try to learn about the methods in finding the appropriate time to become pregnant.

Endometrial Examination


This test determines if the endometrium is suitable for the implantation of a fertilized egg. Emotional factors and progesterone may result in cyclical changes in the endometrium. An inappropriate amount of progesterone secretion will hinder the endometrial development and hence, causing difficulties in the implantation process of the fertilized egg.

Immunological Tests

Immunological tests are necessary to determine the presence of any anti-sperm antibodies in the blood or cervical mucus. Anti-sperm antibodies will consider the sperms to be undesirable foreign matter and impede fertilization. This is also known as the anti-sperm antibody test.


Laparoscopy may be said to be the final stage of the sterility tests. It determines the condition of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries without surgery and most importantly, it is able to detect if there are any tubal blockage, ovary convergence, endometrial disease or a tumor. This is the most effective way to determine any abnormalities in the fallopian tubes, prolonged infertility, and infertility in older women.

Infertility Treatment

After determining the cause of sterility, the next course of action is to undergo appropriate treatment. Although both the cost and duration required for treatment are relatively significant, it is important that the patient complete the treatment in order to attain satisfactory results.

Types of Male Infertility Treatment

The treatments for sterility in men are relatively simple and success rates are higher. However, there is no known treatment for men who are not capable of producing sperms.

Hormonal Therapy

Similar to ovulation disorders in the female body, hormonal problems may also obstruct sperm production. Theoretically, applying hormonal agents will aid in resolving abnormal levels of hormonal secretion. However, the effect may not be as desirable. After the treatment, the sperm may be arranged for artificial insemination directly into the woman’s uterus or fallopian tubes for fertilization. However, this method would be ineffective if the man is unable to produce any sperm.

Urological Surgery

If there are no abnormalities in the sperm, sterility may be a result of genital inflammation, blockage or narrowing of the urethra or vas deferens and these may require antibiotic therapy or urological surgery. As for erectile dysfunction, it is largely psychological, so both medical and psychiatric treatment may be required.

Types of Female Infertility Treatment

There are many types of treatment for female sterility. However, the success rates vary for different individuals.

Ovulation Induction

This treatment method may be used to treat ovulation irregularities and disorders. If there are no major abnormalities detected in the infertility examination, it is crucial to grasp the correct ovulation date for an increased chance for pregnancy. To determine the ovulation day, ultrasound examination, urine test and inspection of the cervical mucus are required. Women with normal menstruation but experiencing ovulation disorder should first determine the reason for the disorder before undergoing appropriate treatment. The success rate for ovulation induction is normally around 80-90%.

Tubal Surgery

If there is any blockage or fusion of the fallopian tubes, the fertilization process will be greatly hindered. Even in the case where the sperm is able to make its way through the narrowed fallopian tubes to fertilize the egg, the fertilized egg will not be able to pass through towards the uterus. Under such circumstances, tubal blockage may be drilled or partially removed via surgery. Depending on seriousness of the obstruction, success rates range between 20-70%. If the woman is still unable to conceive between 1-2 years after undergoing tubal surgery, it is advisable for her to conceive via IVF instead.

Uterine Surgery

Abnormalities in the uterus or endometrium caused by a fusion of the endometrial cells will hinder the implantation of the fertilized egg or cause miscarriage. Uterine surgery is necessary in the case of uterine malformations, and a fusion dissection is required for endometrial fusions. To facilitate proper healing of the endometrium after surgery, high doses of hormonal agents are required to be administered. Other problems such as uterine tumors require uterine tumors resection; a dilator is needed for narrowing of the cervix; and antibiotics are required to treat inflammation.

Unexplained Infertility

Causes and Daily Life

If infertility issues persist after all available infertility examinations, it is known as unexplained infertility. Due to later marriages these days, the rate of unexplained sterility is on the rise and these are some methods to overcome it.

What is unexplained Infertility?

If test results show that the sperm count stay close around 20 million, no serious problems with overall ovulation, but still unable to conceive a child, this phenomenon is known as unexplained infertility. If you have difficulty conceiving, avoid assuming that you are suffering from unexplained infertility.

Unexplained infertility is different from total sterility. Although the causes for unexplained infertility are unknown, there is still a chance for a successful pregnancy. Hence, you should discuss with your doctor for possible solutions.

Chances for successful pregnancy are reduced drastically when a woman exceed 35 years of age. Older women with trouble conceiving should first consider taking ovulation pills, and then undergo artificial insemination if ovulation pills are not working. If there is still no success after a year, she should go for an examination in the hospital and then do the IVF.

Treatment via Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)

Unexplained Infertility

There are many aspects to unexplained infertility so there are different treatment methods available as well. If the problem lies with the woman, she needs to make it a priority to adjust her menstrual cycle. If the problem lies with the man, he should first undergo sterility checkups, establish a healthy lifestyle and strengthen his sperms.

During menstruation adjustment, your physician will prescribe medicine consisting of antlers, angelica, yellow smear, atractylodes, white peony and other ingredients to aid with the process. For the strengthening of sperm, abstain from overworking, stress, tobacco, alcohol, fast food, etc. Some of the medicinal ingredients that aid with sperm strengthening are velvet, yellow shortage and epimedium bud. Generally, there will be a significant increase in success rate after 3 months of treatment and in accordance with the ovulation day.

Desired Lifestyle for the Prevention of Unexplained Infertility in Mothers

• Avoid overeating and consumption of high-calorie food as it causes obesity and increase the risk of sterility.

• Avoid an excessive vegetarian diet, over-dieting, and consuming caffeinated beverages.

• Keeping the abdomen area warm helps with pregnancy.

• Avoid late family planning. The ovaries begin to degrade rapidly after 30; success rate of sterility treatment are greatly reduced after 35; undergoing an IVF after 40 is very taxing on the body.

Desired Lifestyle for the Prevention of Unexplained Infertility in Fathers

• Keep the temperature of the testicles cool. Avoid staying in the sauna for a prolonged amount of time and try to work out often.

• Try to wear loose-fitting clothing, wash the scrotum with cold water once a day and sleep naked.

• Avoid having sexual intercourse too frequently. It is advisable to match the intercourse with his wife’s ovulation period; preferably once every day or once every 2-3 days during ovulation period.

• Stress is one of the main reasons of sterility. If both the husband and wife are mentally stressed about conceiving, it hinders the chance of a successful pregnancy.

Methods to Improve Sexual Health

• Both men and women are advised to go swimming thrice a week, or partake activities such as gymnastics, yoga, meditation, aerobics etc. Swimming is particularly good for men but not recommended for women suffering from uterus chill.

• Massage the perineum of the neck with the thumb after neck rotations.

• Practice contraction and relaxation of rectal muscle, along with hip exercises.

• Cultivate the habit of consuming more eel, beef or pork liver, black sesame, soy, garlic, ginseng and more greens for increased stamina.

• Pay close attention to your stress level. Aromatic scents such as basil and lemon are good for stress reduction.


Sperm Bank

A majority of people is not too keen of the idea of a sperm donor due to their conservative mentality of having their own biological child. Yet, many infertile couples are unable to accept sperms from the husband’s brothers or relative due to ethical concerns. Therefore, sperm banks are required to use sperm without compromising moral issues. Sperms at the sperm bank are also required to be selective and defined. To lessen sterility issues, it will need to be examined for hereditary and sexually transmitted diseases for the safety of user and child.

Sandra Henderson

Editor-in-chief at Babiology and a proud mother of four passionate about sharing pregnancy and baby growth knowledges

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