Development and Health Care for Toddler

Your toddler can walk, eat and play all on its own. Starting now, you should give your child toys that encourage them to be more independent. Let your toddler know that Mommy believes in him/her, and that she's by his/her side watching.

Height82.6cm-85.1cm (Boy) 81.8cm-84.4cm (Girl)
Weight9.7711.72kg-12.30kg (Boy) 11.23kg-12.03kg (Girl)
DevelopmentFuller imagination. Can control when they go to the bathroom.
Nursing intake2-3 drinks of fresh milk, three meals, and two snacks.

How Your Toddler Will Be at This Time

1. A Bouncing and Vivacious Baby

toddler

Increases in weight and height will slow down as the muscles of your toddler become sturdier and their body's proportions balance out. Your child should be in between 82-85cm and weigh 11-12kg. By the time your child turns two, they will be running and hopping to and from, they will also be able to use their feet to kick balls. With the aid of a handrail or when holding Mommy's hand, they will be able to make it up the stairs.

2. Decreased Skin Sensitivity

Your child's fragile skin should become healthier and rashes should disappear. But stay on the lookout for skin dryness, just as before. Apply moisturizer evenly across your child's body after bath time. Be sure to put UV-blocking cream on your child in the summer.

3. Scribbling with Crayons

By now, your child can use a crayon to draw straight and squiggly lines and will be happy to scribble all over a piece of paper. But above doing this, they will enjoy repeatedly taking out all of their toys and putting them away, over and over. They will take their box of toys with them wherever they go, leaving the whole house looking like a warzone. They should have no problem grasping a cup and drinking on their own, returning the cup to Mommy when they are finished. Messes will become a thing of the past as they get better at using spoons.

Eating and Drinking

1. Snacks and Nutrition

Snacks will take up a high proportion of a child's nutrient intake and during this period of rapid growth, snacks are just as important as a nutrient source as meals are. Foods like milk, bread, and fruit are what come to mind for most people when talking about snacks. If you aren't giving your child snacks made from natural ingredients, we recommend that you prepare snacks for your child yourself, so that you can ensure that your child is getting balanced nutrition. The best snacks are easy to digest and don't put any strain on the stomach. Snacks such as this increase your child's appetite.

2. Beneficial Fats

Fats are a nutrient required for the growth and development of the brain. Therefore, the fat intake of children before 24 months is very important and should constitute half of the calories that a child consumes. Foods containing beneficial fats include fresh milk, oils and fish. Have your child drink 500-700cc fresh milk per day. Children who have gotten used to eating meat no longer need to get beneficial fats. If your child needs fats, they might start to like oil-fried foods or cheeses which, however, can lead to obesity. Try to avoid fried ingredients.

Cognitive and Emotional Development

1. So Many Questions

Your child knows that they have a name and they know that every object they encounter has a name too. Your child will ask a barrage of exasperating questions like "What's this?" and "What's that?" As your child's intelligence develops further, so too will their ability to use language. The number of words they can say will increase at a dramatic pace and they will even be able to start stringing these words into sentences. You should make sure your child is clearly articulating each word of each sentence they say in order to give their linguistic development a good foundation.

2. A Rich Imagination

As opposed to merely absorbing information about the world around them, your child will now make judgments based on things they have read in books or ideas resulting from their experiences. For example, when a dog barks, they might think about whether or not they did something bad to make the dog mad and become scared of it. A rich imagination is the motive force behind the creation of new things. Let your child read more interesting stories or picture books to foster imagination.

Care Essentials for a Toddler

1. Growing More Independent

Starting at this age, you should at once encourage your child to try managing eating, dressing, bathing, sleeping and other lifestyle habits on their own, while also permitting them to form a sense of independence. Remember, there is a close link between a sense of independence and sense of self-respect. If your child wants to do something and you not only don't help them, but also scold them when they fail, the shame your child feels will reinforce the growth of a dependent personality. Therefore, you should do all you can to let your child try doing things on their own. A mother needs to have a consistent approach to teaching their child.

2. Hygiene Practice

You should promote healthy habits for before and after meals, and for going to the bathroom. These are the foundation of proper hygiene. When you instill habits of bathing, face-washing, dental care and hand washing, your child will be able to tell dirty from clean and become the kind of child who takes their own health into consideration. The key to having your child take care of their own physical health is for their parents to be models of tidiness and cleanliness themselves.

3. Sociality

Though still having trouble playing with other babies on their own, your child will show an interest in other children's toys or things that catch their eyes. Such behaviors are the first signs of a fledgling sociality in your child. Sociality is formed when children play with their peers and share toys. Of course, small scuffles are a common thing, but such events give the child a chance to learn about conceding to others and getting along.

4. Avoid Dissatisfaction

At this age, your child will have trouble controlling their emotions. When they have an urge to do something, they start to drool profusely. If a child can't do what they want to do or you don't buy them a toy that they find particularly enticing, they will have difficulty or even simply lie down on the ground. When this happens, reprimanding your child will have negative effects on your child's personality. When your child's psychological needs aren't met, it breeds dissatisfaction, leading to nervousness. A nervous child can be violent and will be inclined to strike their playmates unprovoked.

Q&A - Doubts and Anxieties

Q: My child refuses to eat rice but loves bread, so should I just feed him that?

A: If your child refuses rice and will only eat bread, it means that they like bread more than rice. There is no reason why you must feed your child rice, and letting them eat bread is still preferable to forcing them to eat rice. If you force your child to eat rice, they will become rebellious and refuse to follow any rules. Feed your child bread, but give them rice when they are in a good mood so that they can fill up without focusing too much on the food.

Q: My child follows me wherever I go and behaves very difficultly. What should I do?

A. When your child chases after you wherever you go, eventually making a habit of taking your child out with you, your child will want to follow you everywhere, acting difficult when they can’t do so. You need to explain to your child, though they might not completely understand, where you are going and that you will be returning at an unspecified time. Let your child learn to trust you. This is one way to lower the frequency of tantrums.

Brushing Your Teeth the Right Way

Your child should make a habit of brushing their teeth within 3 minutes after a meal. The reason for this is, when the bacteria in your mouth encounters the sugars contained in food, they will convert them to acids within 5 minutes. Therefore, it is essential for fighting cavities that your children properly brush their teeth within 3 minutes of eating for at least 3 minutes.

1. Outside molars

Brush in a circular motion from the gums to the teeth.

2. Inside molars

Brush in a circular motion from the gums to the teeth.

3. Inside front teeth

With the brush pointing straight up, brush in a big circle towards the outside.

4. Top of the molars

Brush back and forth on each part ten times.

5. Outside front teeth

Brush circularly up and down.

6. Finish up

Brush upper teeth up and down, the same goes for the lower teeth. Brush every spot with the same motion.

Those are the particulars needed to know about a toddler.

Stephanie
 

Editor in Babiology, mother of two, highly passionate about sharing the pregnancy care and post delivery care learning with the readers.

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